Bolton 1840

Bolton Circa 1840

 

Legend

  1. George Bolton, Mill Owner circa 1822
  2. Mill, built 1822-1823
  3. Harriet&John Godbolt c1823
  4. Log School c1830
  5. Log Store c1831/Post Office c1832
  6. Thomas Rodger’s Inn c1834
  7. Rodgers’ Smithy c1834
  8. Samuel Sterne c1834
  9. Charles&Catherine Bolton c1835
  10.  William Devlin, Farmer c1837
  1. George Evans, Shoemaker c1842
  2. Richard Paxman, Shoemaker c1839
  3. Paxman’s Tannery c1839
  4. Tailor c1840
  5. Store c1840
  6. Blacksmith c1840
  7. Sterne’s Hotel c1841
  8. Sterne’s Distillery c1841
  9. School, mudbrick c1842
  10. Primitive Methodist Chapel c1842

What took BOLTON so long to grow?

  • By 1840, Bolton Mills could boast of the mill as well as 14 log buildings, two blacksmiths, two shoemakers, one tailor and a hotel.  It had taken almost 20 years to get to that point
  • Bolton’s growth had been impacted by several factors:
    • Impact of the survey
      • Bolton’s potential as a community was recognized at the time of the survey
      • The surveyor James Chewett surrounded the site with government-held property designed to provide income to the government or to reward high ranking military officers
        • See Survey: Bolton’s Mill Site was surrounded
    • Absentee land-owners
      • The government controlled land surrounding Bolton (Crown Reserves and Clergy Reserves, as well as 1000 acres of military grants) was not settled. 
      • Nearby land wasn’t being farmed and absentee landowners were not clearing their road allowances
      • road travel to the mill was a nightmare